قديم 04-26-2008, 08:18 PM   المشاركة رقم: 1
المعلومات
الكاتب:
اللقب:
الاعضاء
الصورة الرمزية
 
الصورة الرمزية غربة الروح

البيانات
التسجيل: Apr 2007
العضوية: 55991
المشاركات: 974 [+]
بمعدل : 0.22 يوميا
اخر زياره : [+]
معدل التقييم:
نقاط التقييم: 10
 

الإتصالات
الحالة:
غربة الروح غير متصل
وسائل الإتصال:

المنتدى : مـنـتـدى الـــبــحـــوث
- [ تقارير وبحوث في مادة الانجليزي ] -

museums in the uae
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Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum House
Sheikh Saeed Al maktoum House This imposing building distinguished by its four elegant wind-towers, stands along the famous Creek of Bur Dubai. It was built in 1896 and was the residence of the Ruler. It takes its name from Shaikh Saeed Al Maktoum, who resided there until his death in 1958.
Originally strategically situated at the mouth of Dubai’s lifeline, the Creek, this carefully restored museum now lies close to the Bur Dubai side of the Shindagha Tunnel and next to the Heritage and Diving Village.
Shaikh Saeed House is built in the traditional manner of the Gulf Coast, from coral covered in lime and plaster. The house has a large courtyard in the style of residences of the olden days. It is partly single, and partly two-storied, comprising a large number of rooms, verandas and bath rooms, divided into independent family units.
There are two entrances to the building. The main entrance is from the Creek side, through a security yard, from where is the entrance to the main majlis and guest rooms. The yard leads also to the main courtyard, around which are distributed five separate family units, each of which consists of a veranda, majlis and rooms. The second entrance is on the rear side of the building, and was probably reserved for family members.
Dubai Municipality appointed a specialized Consultant to carry out a thorough survey of the building and its deterioration, and then plan its restoration. The work was commenced in 1984, and completed two years later using traditional building materials and techniques, and where necessary, strengthening the structure with modern materials.
Infinite care was taken in the restoration of the architectural elements of the building. The restoration is remarkable for its carved teak wood doors and windows, architraves and wooden lattice screens, and the balustrades of railings. The pierced gypsum ventilating screens have floral and geometric designs, and are set into the thick walls.
The House is now converted into a Museum of Historical Photographs and ��������s of the Emirate of Dubai and illuminated at night with flood-lights; it stands as a reminder of Dubai’s rich architectural heritage and culture.
On August 7th 1998, a sand sculpting competition was held at Dubai’s Mamzar Park under the patronage of Dubai Municipality and the Dubai Summer Surprises Committee. Participants flew in from all over the world. The photograph (left) shows the sand sculpture of the old palace of Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum.
This sculpture was created by The Sandemons, of Canada. It measured 22 ft x 22 ft and was over 7 ft high.


Majlis Al Ghoraifa
Built around 1955, the Al Ghuraifa Majlis was a summer retreat for the late Shaikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the Ruler of Dubai, where he spent his afternoons when the temperatures became moderate and the humidity was high. The Majlis is situated in the Umm Suqaim area which was once dotted with date palm groves, and fishermen’s’ huts.
The Majlis, about 100 square meters in area, is on a large site of 3,300 sqm in the centre of a residential area. In the past, it was the only building constructed of stones and gypsum in the midst of a date farm.
Its ground floor has a large covered area divided by a row of pillars. Along the north of it is a large storeroom. The first floor is reached by an open staircase where one enters a long veranda. Behind this is the summer majlis. A wooden ladder leads to the roof from the veranda. The entire structure is simple with shuttered wooden windows on the first floor, set into deep pillars overlooking the garden. The windows are in two sections, whereby the top and lower halves can be opened separately. The niches above the windows have perforations for ventilation.
Dubai Municipality has planned the open land as a traditional park to serve the neighboring residences. The landscaping includes a boundary wall with gypsum decorative panels. The layout includes a paved pathway, rows of date palms with a network of ‘falaj’, traditional water channels, a pool and a covered area of palm thatch with a wind-tower of rustic design, which has a cafe below. There is a guard room and toilets at the entrance gate. Dubai Municipality is executing the entire project through its own work force.


Heritage and Diving Village
Situated in the Shindagha area near the creek mouth (see map) the Heritage Village has been created where potters and weavers display their art. The village provides a glimpse of Dubai’s traditional culture and lifestyle.
Focussing on the Emirate’s maritime past, pearl diving traditions and architecture, the centre offers storybook displays including a tented bedouin village, ancient armoury, wooden chests and �����ng utensils.
The village is close to the site of Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum’s House.
Pearl diving, one of the oldest professions in the region, existed almost six to seven thousand years back. A pearl diving ship carried 10-60 people on board for an expedition. The team comprised a captain (Nokhaza), some divers, seeb, and other staff. The diver often risked his life to gather pearl studded oysters from the sea bed. He used to dive deep for more than two minutes to collect a handful of oysters. The season lasted only for six months starting from April because the Gulf waters during this season were warm and safe. The Emirate of Dubai was most active in this adventurous occupation and owned about 335 pearl fishing dhows at a time.
The Diving Village forms part of an ambitious plan to turn the entire Shindagha area into a cultural microcosm, recreating life in Dubai as it was in the days gone by.


Museums
Dubai National Museum was established and officially inaugurated on May 12th 1971.
The Museum is located in Al Fahidi Fort which is one of the most ancient historical Buildings in Dubai (built: 1787). It is thought to be Dubai’s oldest building. It was built as a fort for sea defense, and the importance of the Fort increased with the expansions which were built during the era of the Late Sheikh Maktoum Bin Buti 1833-l852 which added most of the architectural features which are still existing upto now.
To protect this ancient monument, it was rehabilitated during the era of Shaikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, vice president, prime Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai.
The Museum contains a collection of artifacts which depict the different aspects of Social, economic and Professional life which prevailed during the past century and the start of the present century. It also contains many.” archaeological objects such as pottery, stone and metallic items, stone engravings, and skeletons, which were discovered during the archaeological explorations executed in the different areas of the Emirate of Dubai (Hatta, Al Soffoh, Al Qusais, and Al Jumeira). They date back to the third, second, and first millennium BC as well as the Islamic era (Seventh - 13th Century). Displays include everyday artifacts and archaeological finds from the area, some dating back 4000 years. Pearl merchants, fishermen, housewives and wedding finery are all presented.
In the past the fort was used to defend the town from warlike neighbouring tribes. It has also served, at various times throughout history as the seat of government, the ruler’s residence, a store for ammunition, and a jail.
The walls of the fort are built from coral and shell rubble from the sea, and are cemented together with lime. Wooden poles called handel support the upper floor, and the ceiling is made of palm fronds, mud and plaster. A massive, iron-studded door stands at the entrance, and its battle-scarred walls and towers bear witness to the conflicts of the past.
When the Museum was opened by the ruler of Dubai in 1971, its main aim was to furnish a record of the Emirate’s traditional life, much of which is fast disappearing. Local antiquities have been collected and stored, along with artefacts from many African and Asian countries, trading partners with the Emirate, throughout its long commercial history.
At the Museum’s entrance, the visitor can browse through a collection of old maps of the Gulf and the Emirates, together with aerial photographs showing Dubai’s considerable urban expansion between 1960 and 1980.
Inside, a treasure trove awaits. A large section is devoted to musical instruments, with displays of drums, flutes, lyres, bagpipes made of goatskin and other locally-made instruments used in performances on festive occasions.
On a less peaceful note, displays of deadly weaponry are enough to curdle the blood. The curved daggers known as hanjars are much in evidence, and the display also includes swords, spears, bows and arrows, shields made of sharkskin, pistols and axes.
windtower A model of a wind-tower room is an interesting feature of the architecture section, with diagrams and photographs showing different types of wind-towers from the older areas of Dubai city.
The wind-towers are essential features of Gulf architecture which ameliorate the discomforts of the hot summer months. These square masonry towers, or ‘barjeels’ are open on all sides and rise above the roof tops. They catch the breeze and funnel it into a room below where the increased air movement provides comfort to the occupants. The air vents of the wind-tower are open in summer and closed during the winter season. The builders of days gone by have shown ingenuity in the various designs of the wind-towers and their decoration.
This museum is well worth a visit.
Narish Khyma, situated close to the Museum, is a typical Arab summer-house, with an interesting collection of local boats. These include a replica of the famous abra — the ferry boats used for
transporting passengers across Dubai’s river creek


ambitions

When we talk about ambition this mean or we understand, what will happen in the future or what we do in the future such as jobs, marriage or anything you desire. Sometimes the ambitious is very important for the people because, it’s gods to arrange or to put plans in our minds for the future plans. There are many types of ambitions for example, someone who wants to buy a car, get married or study in the university. I think ambition is always for poor people because, they don’t have money and they want to increase their incomes by making big company’s or by trading on natural resources, that is my opinion. Everyone has the desire for his country or for important people in his country. For example, everybody hopes or wishes from football team in his country always win their match.

All countries have ambitions, some countries want to make good factories and produce goods and services as well as exchange the trade with other countries (import and export).
I have many ambitions in my life. I hope when I finish my education from the college I wish to obtain good certificate good (GPA). I will try to complete my education outside Oman maybe in Jordan or anywhere to get BA certificate in office management specialization. After that I will try to obtain a good job in the government. I hope to get a good salary.
When complete four or three years in my work then I will buy new car and I will build big house after that I will get married.

My big ambition is the trade. I like the trade 15 years ago. Everybody starts their trade from zero. First I wish to open a small shop for foodstuff to sell. Now I will buy everything to satisfy the customer’s. Next I hope to grow up or sell my trade from one shop into two or three shop and exchange with big companies to learn from these companies how sell my trade. Then I will grow up from small to a big factory for foodstuff. Everyday I put different plans for the future. I hope to open a massive company included or consists of all department such as management, finance, purchase, sell and account, it is for foods distribution. I will provide more jobs for people who don’t have jobs maybe I will remove unemployment. I will try to make good relationships between my trade or my company as well as European countries because; European countries have good factories, good production and massive companies.

We know everyone has one or more than one desires so my second ambition is also the trade but external trade. I will purchase trucks to export the vegetables or fruit. Vegetable and fruit are very importance in our life. My father has four farms in my village. First I will sow the vegetable when it grows up I will start to reap it. Then start my work I will export the vegetable to U.A.E or to all Gulf countries. I want to expand my trade. I think internal trade is comfortable than external trade because, it’s in your country.
Also I have a third desire in my life, it is the last ambition for me in this life. I want to work to combat the pollution. We know the pollution is very dangerous for people, air, sea’s, and the environment. First I will take some principles to start my work, I will go to the people who own factories I will ask them to stop throwing the garbage’s in the sea’s or the ocean’s. There are many reason’s for the pollution for example, smoke, car, people themselves and the factories.
Finally I hope to satisfy the customer’s in my trade and I want to be popular around the world. I think the ambition has many benefits for example, it make people have or they make good ideas and opinion’s that is perhaps good to build our country. I hope to work hardly to achieve my ambition.


Development of Personality

The children are usually very different from each other so the development of personality source explains the differences between siblings in the family. The most important part of the child’s is the child’s parents. Parents usually take care and teach their child’s a lot of things so they can live in their environments easily. There are many factors that contribute to the formation of a child’s personality such as the birth order, school, friendship, and television.

In all families there have to be a differences from each siblings. For example, the first-born has the easiest life than his later siblings, and they have a lot of freedom and they are independent, so they have more opportunity in life. In addition to the easiest life, the oldest child also has the most difficult life, because the parents expect too much of him or her. They must do many things such as: to work very hard, study very hard, and to get his parents accepter. So because of that they don’t have much time to sit and enjoy discuss with their parents. More about difficulty of the oldest child is that they are responsible, that he or she has to take care of his youngest siblings, and because their parents want them to be a good person and educated, so the siblings will go on their line, and it is very difficult to be a highly educated person. So they have more jobs to do. Because of all the responsibility placed on the oldest child, they have the most difficult life in the family after the father. The middle child has the happiest life in the family because the parent’s attention is all on the oldest child and the youngest child, so he or she is free and independent. They can do many things and when they needs help they always turn to the oldest child or their parents to help them. They can do everything and if they get into a trouble they can easily find the solution from the older people in the family. The youngest child has the easiest life because the parents are around them taking care of them. They give them all the attention and they do everything that they want and also they are always on their side. The youngest child is often spoilt because of all the care and attention he or she receives.

One of the factors that contribute to the formation of a child’s personality is school. School is one of the most important things that influence on a child personality. All parents send their children to school when they are at five or six years old. This positively effects on a child, because learning in at lower age in modern way, with a great teachers that knows how to be with a children. School is the second home for the children. Children always go to the school to learn many things such us some information about the world, the history of each country and history of other country, and learn how to talk with other people educationally. When children go to school, for them this will be like going to a new world. Where they can get new friends from different places in their country and be together.

Friends are an important source of influence on the children personality too. Development psychologists have learned that children affected by other children from the time they are infants. Other studies show that pairs of children aged 6 months, 9 months, and 1 year smiled, touched, and babbled to each other. When babies had no toys, they spent more of their time interacting. As children grow up, their behavior becomes more worked out with much care involving new social skills. Parents have to know their children’s friends, whom their children are talking to, and going out with because there are some bad friends that can influence on their children and learned them bad things as they do. So parents should take care of their children by learning them to choose good friends and a friend that they can trust on.

In many cases we can see advantages and disadvantages things. Television is one of these things, so we can either find advantages or disadvantages. The disadvantages are more than the advantages for the child who spends his time on the TV because this programs may effect on child easily. So these types of programs should be take care by family to protect their child from disappoints. Facing the TV for long time is one of the ways, which effect on the child personality because this ignores the child from many things, which is important to his life. Plus it effects on the child’s eyes. There are many kinds of movies that affects on kids’ personality directly or indirectly such as horror movies, action movies and attractive dance or blue movies. A horror movie is one which effect on the child personality because his imagination become weak and let him afraid from small reasons. Action movies effects on kids too, which include murder, hits, and rips. So this will teach the kids that what is going is right if they did not get advice from there parents that what is going is totally wrong. According to sciences study it's proved that kids mind are directly affect with those movies. This happened when the child try to do what he/she saw during the movies. On the other hand, there are advantages of watching TV such as sports movies, study programs, Islamic programs and competition programs. In all these fields the child brain we improve so which will give positive effects.

In conclusion, the studies of the development of personality source learned many things for the parents to behave their children personality. And that’s all improving the child’s to develop certain attitudes toward himself and toward other people. In addition, it is helpful for the country if the children are already knows many things in their environments and studies on it. All these things can affect our child personality in the future.


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توقيع : غربة الروح

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